Orenburg Oblast

Orenburg Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Orenburg. 

Orenburg governor historical museum
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Its administrative center is the city of Orenburg. From 1938 to 1957, it bore the name Chkalov Oblast (Чка́ловская о́бласть) in honor of Valery Chkalov. 

The House of The Governor of the Orenburg Oblast
pinterest button The House of The Governor of the Orenburg Oblast Ayratayrat, CC BY-SA 3.0


The most important river of the oblast is the Ural.

Orenburg is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.


As of a 2012 official survey 40.2% of the population of Orenburg Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% declares to be generic nondenominational Christian (excluding the Protestant definition), 2% are Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to any church or belong to non-Russian Orthodox churches.

Flag of Orenburg Oblast
pinterest button Flag of Orenburg Oblast Hellerick, Public Domain

Muslims constitute 13% of the population.

3% of the population are followers of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery), 6.8% are followers of other religions or did not give an answer to the survey.

In addition, 20% of the population declares to be «spiritual but not religious» and 12% to be atheist.


Orenburg Oblast is one of the major agricultural areas of Russia. Its climate is favorable for farming: humid spring, dry summer and a large number of sunny days make perfect conditions for cultivating hard wheat and rye, sunflowers, potatoes, peas, beans, corn, and gourds.

Regions of Russia& Orenburg region — Russia postal stamp, 2010
pinterest button Regions of Russia& Orenburg region — Russia postal stamp, 2010 GOZNAK, Public Domain

The range of the oblast's export commodities includes: oil and oil products, gas and gas produced products, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, nickel, asbestos, chromium compounds, rough copper, electric engines, radiators, products of machine-building industry.

Population: 1 994 762 (2016)

Time: UTC+5:00

Useful Information

Orenburg Oblast
Russian: Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Translit: Orenburgskaya oblast



According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:

  • Russians: 75.9%
  • Tatars: 7.6%
  • Kazakhs: 6%
  • Ukrainians: 2.5%
  • Bashkirs: 2.3%
  • Mordvinians: 1.9%
  • Germans: 0.6%
  • Chuvash: 0.6%
  • Belarusians: 0.3%
  • Azeris: 0.4%
  • other groups, none more than 0.2% of the population
  • 30,449 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.